For the second quarter of 2020, US GDP experienced its worst ever contraction of 32%. The key question now is how fast will the economy recover?
Morgan Stanley has emphatically stated that the economy would climb back to its pre pandemic February 2020 level by fourth quarter of 2020. According to the Wall Street Journal as of July 26, 2020, President Trump’s advisors were still predicting a V shaped recovery. Its why two of the US’ three major stock indices rallied back to new highs.
Politicians and Wall Street investment firms are notorious for not being objective with their estimates and economic forecasts. See “The Problem with Wall Street’s Forecasts”. Therefore, my top priority had been to find a reliable and objective post pandemic forecast for the US economy.
The data in the charts and tables below were obtained from a June 15, 2020 five year forecast for the US economy by US public accounting firm Deloitte. Based on Deloitte’s best-case scenarios:
- US economy will not experience a V shaped recovery.
- Household wealth will not get back to 2019 level until 2023.
- Capital Expenditures by businesses will not get back to 2019 level until after 2025.
Assuming Deloitte’s worst-case scenarios for unemployment and most especially for savings as a percentage of disposable income the probability of the US recession becoming a depression is high.
Deloitte’s detailed and very granular report includes the actual comparative metrics for years 2014 through 2019 and three forecast assumptions for the years 2020 through 2025:
- Best Case
- Worst Case
The chart below depicts Deloitte’s best-case (+1%) and worst case (-4.5%) growth rates for 2021 US GDP. Under Deloitte’s best-case the recovery will be U-shaped and GDP will not exceed 2019’s high until 2023. For the worst-case GDP will not recover to the 2019 peak until 2025. For best and worst case breakouts for years 2019 to 2025 see related table at end of article.
The chart below depicts that under Deloitte’s best-case scenario Consumer spending will not get back to the 2019 high until 2023. The worst-case scenario would be 2025. For best and worst case breakouts for years 2019 to 2025 see related table at end of article.
Corporate after-tax profits depicted in the chart below, under Deloitte’s best-case scenario will not exceed the 2014 high until 2023. Under the worst-case scenario corporate after-tax profits in 2025 will have declined by 19.1% as compared to 2019. For best and worst case breakouts for years 2019 to 2025 see related table at end of article.
The chart below depicts the actual unemployment rate from 1929 to 2019 and Deloitte’s best case and worst-case scenario forecasts for the years 2020 through 2025. The best-case scenario is for unemployment to not to decline to below double digits until 2022. The worst-case scenario is for unemployment to remain in the double digits until 2025 (9.9%). For best and worst case breakouts for years 2019 to 2025 see related table at end of article.
The best and worst-case unemployment rate forecasts for 2021 in the above US Employment Rate chart are the highest since 1941. Assuming a Deloitte worst-case scenario unemployment will reach its highest level since 1938 in 2021 and will remain above 1941’s rate through 2025.
The single most important of the granular forecasts by Deloitte is savings as a percentage of disposable income through 2025. The Savings % Disposable Income rate is published monthly by the US Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is arguably the most important metric for every investor to follow. It’s because the rate is the inverse of consumer spending. The higher the savings as a percentage of disposable income the lower consumer spending is as a percentage of GDP.
The Savings % Disposable Income below depicts the actual savings as a percentage of disposable income from 1947 through 2020 and Deloitte’s best and worst-case scenario forecasts for 2021 to 2025. Even if the rate declines from its record high of 25.7% in 2020 to Deloitte’s 14.2% best case scenario in 2021, the rate would be the second highest since 1975’s 15.3%. Under Deloitte’s worst-case scenario, the rate would remain above 1975’s until 2025.
The three highest readings prior to 2020 in the above Savings % Disposable Income chart occurred from 1973 to 1975. They coincided with the 1973 to 1975 recession.
The Dow Jones Industrials chart below depicts that the Dow declined by 41% from when the recession began to its December 1974 low.
All of the readings of 12.5% or higher from 1947 to 2020 in the Savings % Disposable Income chart below occurred between 1967 to 1982.
The 1967 to 1982 period in the above chart coincided with the 1966 to 1982 secular bear market which is depicted in the chart below. The Dow declined by 65.7% from 1966 to 1982.
Declines in consumer spending increase the probability of economic contractions including recessions and depressions. The Consumer Spending a Percentage % of US GDP chart below is a good example. It depicts that consumer spending as a percentage of GDP declined from 66.6% at its high in 1949 to a low of 59.1% in 1951. The percentage then remained at 62% or below until 1982 and then began a steady climb to its peak of 68.7% in July of 2011. The latest reading in July 2020 was 67.1% which was the lowest since April 2007.
The 1982 October 1982 breakout to 63.1% and steady climb in the above chart coincided with the 1982 to 2000, secular bull market which was the longest secular bull over the last 100 years. The chart below depicts that the 18-year secular bull produced an aggregate gain of 544%.
The comparison of Deloitte’s best and worst-case forecasts with the empirical data dating back to 1929 indicates that there will not be a V shaped recovery. The two significant high unemployment and savings rate headwinds that the US economy is now facing increase the probability for an extended recession or an economic depression.
Click here to receive the BEA’s monthly savings as a percentage of disposable income readings.
Watch “100 Years of Secular Bull & Bear Markets” video below (5:47 sec)
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