Banks have increased profits during periods of low interest rates, says Odeon Capital Group’s Richard Bove
Bank shares skidded Thursday as investors turned bearish after the Federal Reserve said it would keep official interest rates near zero for years amid lasting economic pain. Investors may be overreacting, according to at least one longtime bank analyst.
On Thursday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average
was down 786 points (or 2.9%) in the first minutes of trading, while the benchmark S&P 500 Index
fell 2.6% and the Nasdaq Composite Index
The KBW Bank Index comprises 24 stocks of universal and large regional U.S. banks. Here’s how all 24 fared during the early minutes of trading Thursday, with Goldman Sachs
and Morgan Stanley
added to the list so that the “big six” U.S. banks are all included:
|Bank||Ticker||Headquarters||Price change – June 11||Price change – 2020||Price change – 2019|
|CIT Group Inc.||US:CIT||New York||-14.5%||-53.4%||19.2%|
|Citizens Financial Group Inc.||US:CFG||Providence, R.I.||-9.4%||-39.2%||36.6%|
|Wells Fargo & Co.||US:WFC||San Francisco||-8.3%||-49.3%||16.8%|
|Regions Financial Corp.||US:RF||Birmingham, Ala.||-8.2%||-32.3%||28.3%|
|Citigroup Inc.||US:C||New York||-8.2%||-35.8%||53.5%|
|Fifth Third Bancorp||US:FITB||Cincinnati||-8.1%||-33.0%||30.6%|
|Truist Financial Corp.||US:TFC||Charlotte, N.C.||-8.0%||-32.2%||30.0%|
|Capital One Financial Corp.||US:COF||McLean, Va.||-7.6%||-35.6%||36.1%|
|Huntington Bancshares Inc.||US:HBAN||Columbus, Ohio||-7.4%||-36.1%||26.5%|
|M&T Bank Corp.||US:MTB||Buffalo, N.Y.||-7.0%||-36.1%||18.6%|
|SVB Financial Group||US:SIVB||Santa Clara, Calif.||-6.9%||-17.8%||32.2%|
|People’s United Financial Inc.||US:PBCT||Bridgeport, Conn.||-6.9%||-29.5%||17.1%|
|Zions Bancorporation N.A.||US:ZION||Salt Lake City||-6.8%||-34.0%||27.4%|
|Bank of America Corp||US:BAC||Charlotte, N.C.||-6.6%||-29.5%||42.9%|
|J.P. Morgan Chase & Co.||US:JPM||New York||-5.9%||-28.4%||42.8%|
|PNC Financial Services Group Inc.||US:PNC||Pittsburgh||-5.8%||-29.8%||36.5%|
|Morgan Stanley||US:MS||New York||-5.4%||-9.9%||28.9%|
|New York Community Bancorp Inc.||US:NYCB||Westbury, N.Y.||-5.4%||-14.7%||27.7%|
|State Street Corp.||US:STT||Boston||-5.2%||-20.7%||25.4%|
|Northern Trust Corp.||US:NTRS||Chicago||-4.7%||-21.4%||27.1%|
|Goldman Sachs Group Inc.||US:GS||New York||-4.6%||-11.4%||37.6%|
|Bank of New York Mellon Corp.||US:BK||New York||-4.1%||-23.9%||6.9%|
|First Republic Bank||US:FRC||San Francisco||-3.7%||-8.0%||35.2%|
Scroll the table to see the data. Click on the tickers for more about each bank, including news and business profiles.
Varied sources of bank earnings
Odeon Capital Group analyst Richard Bove quoted a colleague as saying: “Apparently, it is true that the only factor that impacts bank stock prices is interest rates,” in a report early Thursday.
Bove refuted that assertion: “For example, the period of lowest interest rates, in modern times, over a sustained period, in the United States was from 2008 to 2015. In this seven-year period, bank earnings declined in 2009 and 2014. They increased in 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2015. They hit all-time records in 2013 and 2015 and were close to an all-time record in 2014.”
Bove went on to point out that banks have differing business models and predicted that the best industry performers during the expected period of very low interest rates would be those with “the ability to acquire resources and sell products,” and those that could maintain the best loan quality. (Purer-play commercial lenders were among the worst performers in the banking space early Thursday.)
He cited the tremendous increase in money supply, from the action of the Federal Reserve and other central banks, which has helped lead to increased trading revenue and debt underwriting for investment banks.
Bove has “buy” ratings on J.P Morgan Chase
Bank of America
and Morgan Stanley
among the banks listed on the table above, with “sell” ratings for M&T Bank Corp.
and Capital One
However, a factor that may weigh on bank stocks over the next two weeks is the annual stress tests and regulatory review of large banks’ capital plans. The Federal Reserve will announce the results at 4:30 p.m. ET on June 25.
KBW analyst Brian Kleinhanzl expects none of the 34 banks whose capital plans will be reviewed by the Fed to request permission to repurchase shares during the 12-month period ended June 30, 2021. He expects the total payout ratio (dividends on common shares plus stock buybacks divided by earnings) to be 56% over that period, declining from an estimated 139% for the previous 12-month period.