‘They’ve likened it to a war where the number of casualties just keep on coming.’ Italians find solidarity, resilience and music during the coronavirus lockdown
COMO, Italy — It’s Sunday morning in Como.
It’s usually so busy on Sundays that I often think twice about going downtown, but today the streets are deserted. All the bars, cafés and shops have signs on their doors saying, “Closed until further notice.” Even the cathedral in the main square is closed. There is an area accessible for prayer but, if the faithful want mass, they have to get it online. The newsstands are selling papers and a small supermarket is open, staggering arrivals, two to five at a time.
Two people stop to greet each other while walking their dogs, keeping the recommended distance of a meter. A voice from a window shouts: “Andate a casa!” (“Go home!”). There’s an eerie feel to the town, like you’re entering a kind of pre- or post-war zone. Police cars patrol the streets, even in the pedestrianized areas. There are checkpoints to ensure that people who are out have good reason. They are in a race against time to contain the novel coronavirus, the disease caused by coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.
If you get stopped, you must prove where you’re going by having it self-declared on a designated module from the government website. Whatever you declare is subject to checks and, if it’s found to be false, you could end up with a jail term of three months. Anyone out in a group will be fined on the spot
We’ve been mobilized into taking collective responsibility to stop the vicious cycle of contagion. While Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte hasn’t actually said how long this lockdown is going to last, the set date for a review is April 3. What might seem to some onlookers like a long and imposed siesta that Italians generally love is, in fact, respite from the battle against the pre-lockdown denial. Social distancing is key to reducing infections and taking the pressure off hospitals and medical staff.
The governor of Genoa Giovanni Toti is now planning to turn ferry boats into temporary medical facilities. This is partly because of the expected repercussions from the crowding on beaches last weekend, and also to free up hospital beds from those who are convalescing. There has even been talk of additional ferries being converted so as to provide a place for people who have contracted the virus to go into quarantine, especially if they have elderly or vulnerable people at home. The first of these structures should be ready in five working days.
Some pictures have been recently released from the local hospital here in Como. Although hospital staff are working flat-out to free up other areas of the hospital to accommodate COVID-19 patients, the numbers who are being admitted are on a dramatic increase. Beds have been set up in what appears to be the ambulance entrance area. It’s heated. They call it the “hot room,” and its where patients who are suspected to have contracted the virus are stopped, and where they wait. It’s also strategic, as it’s right next to the emergency room.
Nurses and doctors who are treating these patients have to wear suffocating face masks and heavy lab-coat protection for hours on end. Some have posted photos on social media to show their bruised faces from wearing the masks for so long. They’re under immense pressure, both physical and psychological, and continue their plea to the public to play their part. They’ve likened it to a war where the number of casualties just keep on coming.
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In fact, nationwide the number of confirmed contagions is going up by the thousands. As of Sunday evening, there are 24,747 confirmed cases in Italy, 1,809 deaths and 2,335 people who have recovered. There has been 250 deaths in a single day.
It’s a little over three weeks since the initial outbreak and so we have more data on those who have died. The average age of those who died from COVID-19 is 80.3 years old, Silvio Brusaferro, legal representative at the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, said during a recent press conference. Only 25.8% are women. Disease specialists have also estimated that the actual number of people who have the virus is much higher than official figures, which isn’t surprising considering the virus has been circulating freely for weeks.
Research shows that, although people are more likely to spread the virus if symptomatic, they could still be contagious with light to no symptoms. And not everyone with symptoms is swabbed. When someone in the family gets the virus, the others with symptoms, however light, are all kept in isolation. When people are in isolation with a low-grade fevers, getting face-to-face medical attention is difficult to impossible.
When they get critical, they’re taken into hospital and direct contact with the rest of the family is cut off. If a patient then dies, those who have been quarantined, especially those who are symptomatic, are unlikely to see them again. There is an “absolute ban” on leaving the house for those who are in quarantine.
Churches in some parts of Lombardy have been turned into morgues, while Milan is now giving only five days instead of 30 for surviving relatives to organize a private burial. Otherwise, in some cases it’s cremation by default. That’s not how people would have expected to say goodbye to their loved ones. Funerals, like all social gatherings are forbidden. Those who pull through, the elderly in particular, are concerned that this is a threat which is going to continue.
So it feels like we’ve all been catapulted into a New Normal. Many things after this lockdown will change. But until things at least stabilize, there is an element of the surreal. Although Conte has assured us that “non è necessario fare nessuna corsa per acquistare cibo” — “there’s no rush to buy food”, supermarket shopping is no longer so simple and has become more of an impresa. But once you finally get into the shop with your basket, everything you need is there on the shelves.
Coming into this past weekend of expected peaks in infections, the mayor of Rome, Virginia Raggi, launched the hashtag #AffaciamociAlle18 — ##Let’sGoToTheWindowAtSix. The meetup was scheduled for Friday the 13th, at 6 p.m. Basically, everyone was invited to go to their windows or out on their balconies, to say hello to their neighbors and sing together or play music. This was also to bring home the message of the other hashtag that has taken life #TuttoAndràBene — #EverythingWillBeFine.
These types of initiatives are particularly important for people who are living out this lockdown alone and no doubt feeling more isolated than most. They are also meant as a boost to those who are fighting in the hospitals to save lives. So, on Friday 13th, from Milan to Sicily, people were singing in chorus from their balconies.
There was a song for every region, from the national anthem to Pino Daniele’s “Napul’è” and the famous anti-fascist resistance song “Bella Ciao.” People in towns from Naples to Milan stood on their balconies to sing patriotic songs across the empty streets — and into the night sky: songs including “Canto della Verbena”(And While Siena Sleeps) and “Abbracciame” (Hug Me).
But not only were people singing. In other regions, countless musicians joined in the initiative with improvised concerts from balconies in Rome to Siena to Florence and beyond, right up to my balcony in Como. Even the principal violinist of La Scala in Milan took up his instrument and played against the backdrop of a banner that read: “Non molliamo, ce la faremo.” That translates as: “We won’t give up, we will survive.”
Amidst the lockdown and the checkpoints, there is a sense of solidarity. People are aware that the world is watching. There’s a message of hope in this music: If we pull through, you will, too.
Alison Fottrell is a teacher and writer living in Como, Italy.